Sphingidae of Argentina

Manduca diffissa diffissa larva, Buenos Aires, Argentina,
courtesy of Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos,
Martín García Island, on the Río de la Plata and near Uruguay.

Although I believe these "tribal" checklists contain only species within Argentina, I fully expect there are yet a few omissions. If you have corrections to offer, please contact
Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com.

Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos of Argentina will be sending images and data from his country.

Argentina is bordered by Chile on the West, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, and is capped by Bolivia and Paraguay to the North. The extreme northeastern section of Argentina is bordered by Uruguay and southeastern Brazil.

I am most thankful to Jean Haxaire for sending me an electronic copy of Faune de Bolivie, Lépidoptères Sphingidae, Ecologie et systématique. Those species, followed by *, are ones indicated by Jean for Bolivia, and they served as a starting point for this checklist. The "*" is being replaced by collectors'/photographers' initials as confirmations for Argentina arrive.

I have added those species whose specimen type locality is Argentina.

Daniel Rojas Lanus (DRL) sent me a picture of Hyles lineata from Argentina. Oz Rittner (OR) sent me pictures of Pachylioides resumens, Phryxus caicus, Manduca sexta paphus, Adhemarius daphne and Xylophanes chiron nechus, all from Argentina. Many additions to the list, confirmed by Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos, are followed by his initials (EB).

Many thanks to Jean Haxaire and Ian Kitching who have provided many images or helped with identifications.

As of October 2007, this list has been confirmed by the L.O.L.A. publication Hawkmoths of Argentina, More, Kitching and Cocucci, 2005.

A special thanks to Fernando Penco of Argentina. Fernando has sent me electronic images of many of the rarer species in Argentina. He also provides data: location and date.

Carlos Marzano (CM) and Nigel Venters (NV) have also provided many images and data.

In his The Hawk Moths of North America, 2007, James P. Tuttle has assigned all the Sphinx genus species from Mexico south throughout South American to Lintneria, Butler, 1876, based on consistent differences in wing characters and significant larval differences. I have followed that reassignment. James P. Tuttle has also reared E. obscura, and reports both the light colour morph and the dark colour morph (previously thought to be domingonis XX) from the same egg batch.

Xylophanes nabuchodonosor, Parque Nacional Baritu, Salta, Argentina,
October 1989, courtesy of Leonardo Aguado, id and digital repair by Bill Oehlke.

Many thanks also to Leonardo Aguado who has begun (October 2011) to send me Saturniidae and Sphingidae images from various locations in Argentina. Many of the Sphingidae are examples of range extensions within Argentinian provinces not listed in Hawkmoths of Argentina, More, Kitching and Cocucci, 2005.

Neogene reevei, Villa Amancay, Cardoba, Argentina,
December 20, 2007, courtesy of Carlos Marzano.

May 2012, Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos writes, "I can confirm that Xylophanes epaphus not fly really in Argentina. Recently I collected X. anubus in Misiones. I will sending soon pics of more species (Manduca lichenea for example) including some Saturniidae.

I have updated files with images of Nyceryx continus. Manduca lichenea, Madoryx oiclus and Xylophanes porcus.

Ezequiel writes, "I send these some pics of sphingidae, the first two from Campo Ramón, Misiones province (8806 & 8811). One is Nyceryx continua (25/09/2010) and the second is Manduca lichenea (26/09/2010). The 9928 is Orecta lycidas eos (07/03/2011), a very scarse specie from El Palmar National Park, Entre Ríos province. There are four, Madoryx oiclus, from Río Pilcomayo National Park, Formosa province (29/05/2011). The 8942 is X. porcus from Salto Encantado (Misiones province) at 28/09/2010.

Adhemarius daphne, Yacutinga Private Reserve, Misiones Province,
(near border between Argentina and Brazil), September 2007,
courtesy of Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos.


Agrius cingulata EB
Amphimoea walkeri*
Cocytius antaeus EB
Cocytius duponchel EB
Cocytius lucifer EB
Euryg. guttiventris EB
Lintneria aurigutta EB
Lintneria justiciae EB
Lintneria maura CM/NV
Lintneria phalerata FP
Manduca albiplaga EB
Manduca armatipes NV
Man. bergamatipes NV
Manduca bergi FP/NV
Manduca contracta EB
M. diffissa diffissa EB
M. diffisa mesosa EB
M. diff. petuniae IK
Manduca florestan EB
M. fosteri EB
M. jordani EB
M. lefeburei EB
M. leucospila EB
Manduca lichenea EB
Manduca manducoides*
M. rustica EB
M. scutata EB
Man. sexta paphus OR
M. se. saliensis NV
M. stuarti EB
Man. tucumana FP/NV
M. undata EB
Neococytius cluentius EB
Neogene albescens *
Neogene carrerasi EB
Neogene reevei FP


Adhemarius daphne OR
Adhem. gannascus EB
Adhem. palmeri EB
Orecta acuminata *
Orecta lycidas eos EB
Protam. astygonus EB
Protam. strigilis EB


Aellopos ceculus EB
Aellopos clavipes EB
Aellopos fadus*
A. tantalus tantalus*
Aellopos titan titan EB
Al. chloroptera EB
Al. neglectum EB
C. g. grisescens EB/CM/NV
Callionima inuus EB
Callionima nomius EB
Callionima parce EB
Enyo gorgon EB
Enyo l. lugubris EB
Enyo ocypete EB
Erinnyis alope EB
Erinnyis crameri *
Erinnyis domingonis XX
Erinnyis ello OR
Er. impunctata EB
Er. lassauxi EB
Erinnyis obscura EB
Er. oenotrus NV/EB
Eupyrrh. sagra EB
Hem. longistriga EB
H. triptolemus*
Isognathus caricae EB
Isognathus leachi EB
Isognathus menechus EB
Madoryx bubastus EB
Madoryx oiclus EB
Madoryx plutonius EB
Nyceryx alophus EB
Nyceryx continua EB
Nyceryx nictitans EB
Nyceryx riscus EB
Pachylia ficus EB
Pachylia syces syces EB
Pachylio. resumens OR
Perigonia ilus EB
Perigonia pallida EB
Peri. passerina DRL
Phryxus caicus OR
Pseudosphinx tetrio EB
Unzela j. discrepans EB


Eu. analis EB/NV/DRL
Eumorpha anchemolus*
Eum. capronnieri EB
Eumorpha cissi EB
Eumorpha fasciatus*
Eumorpha labruscae EB
E. neuburgeri FP/NV
E. translineatus ??
Eum. triangulum EB
Eumorpha vitis EB


Hyles annei EB
Hyles euphorbiarum NV
Hyles lineata DRL
Xylophanes anubus* EB
X. ceratomioides EB
X. chiron nechus *, OR
Xylophanes docilis *
Xylophanes fosteri EB
Xylophanes isaon EB
Xylophanes loelia EB
Xyl. marginalis EB
Xyl. nabuchodonosor EB
Xyl. pistacina EB
Xylophanes pluto EB
Xylophanes porcus EB
Xylophanes resta EB
X. schreiteri FP/NV
Xylophanes t. tersa EB
Xylophanes thyelia EB
Xylophanes titana EB
Xylophanes tyndarus EB

Nyceryx riscus, Yacutinga, Misiones, Argentina,
February 2008, courtesy/copyright Ezequiel Bustos.

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Species from Valverde 1999 not in book
Eumorpha analis
Eumorpha cissi
Xylophanes crotonis

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Visit Argentina Thumbnail Checklists:

Sphingini: Manduca
Sphingini: Agrius, Amphimoea, Cocytius, Euryglottis, Lintneria, Sphinx
Smerinthini: Adhemarius, Orecta and Protambulyx
Dilophonotini: Aleuron, Enyo, Pachylia, Pachylioides, and Unzela
Dilophonotini: Aellopos, Eupyrrhoglossum, Nyceryx and Perigonia
Dilophonotini: Callionima, Erinnyis, Hemeroplanes, Isognathus, Madoryx, Oryba, Pachylia, Phryxus and Pseudosphinx
Philampelini: Eumorpha
Macroglossini: Hyles and Xylophanes

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